The LCZ framework combines four components of the urban landscape:
Component 1: Height of Roughness Features
Component 2: Packing of Roughness Features
Component 3: Surface Cover Around Roughness Features
Component 4: Thermal Admittance of Materials
Source: Stewart, I.D., 2011. Local climate zones: Origins, development, and application to urban heat island studies. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Geographers. Seattle, USA. April 12-16.